), the first settlement in the Yangzhou area, was founded in the Spring and Autumn period.
There were also Arabic inscriptions from the 13th and 14th centuries, indicating the presence of a Muslim community.
Although some versions of Polo's memoirs imply that he was the governor of Yangzhou, it is more likely that he was an official in the salt industry, if indeed he was employed there at all.
Chinese texts offer no supporting evidence for his claim.
The newly built Han canal formed a moat around the south and east sides of the city.
The purpose of Hancheng was to protect Suzhou from naval invasion from Qi.